The eating disorder is an illness caused by irregular eating habits. It includes inadequate or excessive food intake which can damage an individual’s well-being. It can get seen at any stage of life, but it appears most at teen years or young adulthood.
The most seen forms of the eating disorders are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder.
Anorexia Nervosa is often getting called as Anorexia. It is one of the psychological and life-threatening types of eating disorders characterized by extreme weight loss, incorrect fear about gaining weight, lack of care in keeping a healthy body and unrealistic perception of body image. People with anorexia will excessively limit the quantity of food they consume, and they find themselves as overweight. Anorexia harms both the body and the mind, and it results in the damaging health effects such as brain damage, multi-organ failure, heart difficulties and infertility.
Bulimia Nervosa is commonly known as Bulimia. It is another dangerous life threating eating disorder as well. It gets characterized by intake of a large amount of food in short period, followed by an attempt to get rid of the food consumed and avoid weight gain through excessive use of laxatives or diuretics, forced vomiting or extreme level of exercise.
Those who suffer from Bulimia may fear weight gain and feel unhappy with their body image. And overeating disorder may lead them to gastrointestinal problems, severe hydration, and complications in heart functioning.
Those individuals who are suffering from binge eating disorder will frequently lose control over their food. They eat much more rapidly than normal even when they are not hungry and also will eat until feeling uncomfortably full.
Binge eating disorder is different from Bulimia eating disorder. It is not getting associated with the recurrent use of inappropriate compensatory behavior such as fasting or excessive exercise as in Bulimia Nervosa. Because of this, it leads to cardiovascular diseases and also they experience an intense feeling of guilt, distress, and embarrassment.
People with pica disorder eat items which have no nutrient values, relatively harmless items such as soap, clothes, powders or dirt or they might eat dangerous things like dried paint. Intake of these non-food items will result in medical complications such as poisoning, intestinal problems or possible infections. This disorder most often occurs alongside other disorders like autism spectrum disorder or intellectual disability.
It is a disorder in which, food which has got eaten is brought back to mouth again and again. It is not similar to other eating disorders like Anorexia, Bulimia or Binge-eating disorder, but here the person affected by this eating disorder either eats and then chews and again eats the food or spits it out. It is a serious illness found mostly in infants and young children.
Avoidant or Restrictive Food Intake Disorder
It is a feeding disorder which the affected person resist to intake certain food items based on their appearance, smell, texture or any past negative experience with the food. This disorder form will result in some health issues such as weight loss, nutritional deficiencies, etc.